Legal regulations on the safety of fertiliser application
The essential rules for the use of fertilisers resulting from valid legal Acts:
- It is allowed to use only those fertilisers authorised for sale under the Act on Fertilisers and Fertilising, Regulation No 2003/2003, and natural fertilizers.
- The manure dose applied in a year may not exceed 170 kg of nitrogen (N) in its pure component per hectare of farmland.
- When establishing the doses of fertilisers, the plants’ nutritional needs and the soil’s nutrient richness shall be considered.
- Fertilisers should be applied evenly over the entire field so that fields and crops not designated for this purpose cannot be fertilised.
- Natural and organic solid or liquid fertilisers are applied in the period from 1 March to 30 November (with the exception of fertilisers used under covers).
- Natural and organic liquid fertilisers are applied using soil applicators, sprinklers, or slurry tankers equipped with splash plates or discharge hoses.
- Natural fertilisers shall be covered or mixed with the soil no later than the day following application (except fertilisers applied in forests and grassland).
- Natural and organic solid fertilisers may be applied during the growing season (top-dressing) only to grassland and perennial field crops not intended for direct human consumption.
- Fertilisers (except for liquid manure) on agricultural land are applied at least 5 m from the edge of lakes and water reservoirs of up to 50 ha; watercourses; ditches (excluding ditches of up to 5 m widths measured at the height of the upper edge of the bank and ditch), canals.
- Fertilisers shall be applied on agricultural land at a distance of at least 20 m from the shore of lakes and water reservoirs of 50 ha; protective zones of water intakes and the area of the coastal strip.
- Slurry on agricultural land shall be applied at least 10 m from the shore of lakes and water reservoirs of more than 50 ha; watercourses; ditches, excluding ditches up to 5 m wide, and canals.
- It is prohibited to apply fertiliser on waterlogged soils covered by snow, frozen to a depth of 30 cm, and during rainfall.
- It is prohibited to apply liquid and nitrogen fertilisers to soils without plant cover, located on steep slopes (i.e., slopes greater than 10%, i.e., an increase in the slope of 1m over a length of 10m) and vegetation of plants intended for direct human consumption.
- Manure and slurry shall be stored only in sealed containers of a capacity sufficient to keep at least 4 months’ production of this fertiliser, in closed tanks or on impermeable slabs secured in such a way that no leakage occurs into the ground.
Essential legal Acts
- Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 (OJ EU 68 EN,15/ 2,L375/1,31.12.1991)
- Act of 10 July 2007 – on fertilizers and fertilization (Journal of Laws 2007, No. 147, item 1033 as amended)
- Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 16 April 2008 on detailed ways of applying fertilizers and training in the use of fertilizers (Journal of Laws 2008, No. 80, item 479)
- Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 18 June 2008 on the implementation of specific provisions of the Act on fertilisers and fertilising (Journal of Laws 2008, No. 119, item 765)
- Announcement of the Minister of Economy of 16 August 2010 on the list of accredited laboratories authorised to perform tests confirming compliance of fertilisers marked “NAWÓZ WE” with the requirements specified for such fertilisers in separate regulations (Monitor Polski of 2010, No. 60, item 788)
- Regulation of the Minister of Economy of 8 September 2010 on the method of packaging mineral fertilisers, placing information on fertiliser components on these packages, the method of testing mineral fertilisers and types of fertiliser lime (Journal of Laws 2010, no. 183, item 1229)
- Act of 20 July 2017. – Water law (Journal of Laws 2017 item 1566 as amended)
- Act of 11 September 2019 on amending the Act – Water Law and some other acts (Journal of Laws 2019 item 2170)
- The principles of Good Agricultural Practice Recommendations
- Regulation (EU) 2019/1009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 laying down rules for making EU fertiliser products available on the market, amending Regulations (EC) No 1069/2009 and (EC) No 1107/2009 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003.
- Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 12 February 2020 on the adoption of a programme of measures to reduce water pollution by nitrates from agricultural sources and to prevent further pollution (Journal of Laws of 2020, item 243)
- Act of 7 May 2020 amending the Act on Fertilizers and Fertilization and the Act on the State Inspection for Plant and Seed Protection (Journal of Laws of 2020, item 1069)